A Biography John Steinbeck — John Ernst Steinbeck was the author of 16 novels and various other works, including five short story collections. Several of the novels are considered classics of Western literature. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in He delved deeply into the human condition, exploring multiple themes of desire, alienation and friendship.
Charcoal on paper,by James Fitzgerald. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
Never wealthy, the family was nonetheless prominent in the small town of 3, for both parents engaged in community activities. Steinbeck was a Mason; Mrs.
Steinbeck, a member of Eastern Star. Children of immigrants, the elder Steinbecks established their identities by sending deep roots into the community. Their son, on the other hand, was something of a rebel and a loner. Respectable Salinas circumscribed the restless and imaginative young man.
Encouraged by his freshman English teacher, he decided at age fifteen that he wished to be a writer and spent hours as a teenager living in a world of his own making, writing stories and poems in his upstairs bedroom.
To please his parents, he enrolled at Stanford University in ; to please himself, he signed on only for courses that interested him: Writing was, indeed, his obsession.
For five years the struggling author dropped in and out of the university, eventually taking off fall quarters to work for Spreckels Sugar in the factory near Salinas or on company ranches spread up and down the state. He worked closely with migrants and itinerants, and that association deepened his empathy for workers, the disenfranchised, the lonely, and the dislocated—an empathy that is a defining characteristic of his best work.
Without taking a degree, he left Stanford for good inbriefly tried construction work and newspaper reporting in New York City, and then returned to his native state in order to find leisure to hone his craft.
During a three-year stint as a caretaker for a Lake Tahoe estate, he found the time both to write several drafts of his first novel, Cup of Goldand, at length, to woo a young woman vacationing at Lake Tahoe, Carol Henning, a San Jose native.
Works of the s During the s Steinbeck wrote most of his best California fiction, from the stories composed in — and collected in The Long Valleyto his recognized masterpieces: But it took him the early years of the decade to test his stride, to polish his style, and to chart his fictional terrain.
The prose in his first novel—the tale of Henry Morgan, pirate—is lush; the artist who loved words strikes exotic chords and burdens sentences with modifiers.
In the other apprentice novels, To a God Unknown and The Pastures of HeavenLatinate phrases are trimmed, adjectives are struck, and the setting shifts to California. Why they should ever have been understood as being separate I do not know.
His was not a man-dominated universe but an interrelated whole, where species and the environment were seen to interact and where commensal bonds between people, among families, and with nature were acknowledged.
The author observes life with a kind of scientific detachment, as The Pastures of Heaven demonstrates. Set in another tight California valley, this collection of loosely connected stories traces the lives of troubled, lonely, vulnerable farm families.
By Steinbeck had found his terrain, had chiseled a prose style that was more naturalistic and far less strained, and had claimed his people—not the respectable, smug Salinas burghers, but those on the edges of polite society.
Founder of Pacific Biological Laboratory, a marine lab eventually housed on Cannery Row in Monterey, Ricketts was a careful observer of intertidal life: Steinbeck adapted the term and the stance.
She helped edit his prose, urged him to cut the Latinate phrases, typed his manuscripts, suggested titles, and offered ways to restructure.
To write, Steinbeck needed buffers to keep the world at bay, and the gregarious and witty Carol willingly and eagerly fulfilled that role. Not a partisan novel, it dissects with a steady hand both the ruthless organizers and the grasping landowners.
The author focuses not on who will win the struggle between organizers and farmers but on how profound is the effect on the workers trapped in between, manipulated by both interests.
National Acclaim At the height of his powers, Steinbeck followed this large canvas with two books that round out what might be called his labor trilogy. Both the text and the critically acclaimed Broadway play which won the Drama Critics Circle Award for best play that year made Steinbeck a household name, assuring his popularity and, for some, his infamy.
The Grapes of Wrath sold out an advance edition of 19, by mid-Aprilwas selling 10, copies a week by early May, and won the Pulitzer Prize for the year Lauded by critics nationwide for its scope and intensity, the book attracted an equally vociferous minority opinion.
He retreated to Ricketts and science, announcing his intention to study seriously marine biology and to plan a collecting trip to the Sea of Cortez.
It does more, however. His determination to shift directions was real enough. After writing The Grapes of Wrath, he declared that the novel was dead. He explored divergent paths: The Story of a Bomber Team and journalist.
During the s Steinbeck published what many viewed as slight volumes, each a disappointment to critics who expected another tome to weigh in next to The Grapes of Wrath. · Steinbeck's most famous novel, The Grapes of Wrath (), is a landmark of twentieth-century American literature; it tells the story of Oklahoma migrant workers and California growers in the darkest days of the California depression.
The novel won the Pulitzer Prize in and catapulted Steinbeck into his generation's literary pfmlures.com://pfmlures.com He has also written a great biography of of the writer as we struggle with Steinbeck to write something original throughout the many phases of his life.
And he has written a general appraisal of all of Steinbeck's works from Cup of Gold to Travels with Charley: In Search of pfmlures.com › Biography › Social & Health Issues › Depression & Mental Health.
· John Steinbeck () American novelist, story writer, playwright, and essayist. He is best remembered for The Grapes of Wrath (), a novel widely considered to be a pfmlures.com John Steinbeck Biography Bookmark Steinbeck's father settled in California shortly after the American Civil War.
John Steinbeck was born in Salinas on February 27, His mother was a schoolteacher in the public school system of Salinas. Steinbeck was now being recognized as an important American pfmlures.com://pfmlures.com /p/the-pearl/john-steinbeck-biography.
John Steinbeck. John Steinbeck was a writer with tremendous empathy. His books are written in simple prose that elegantly expresses the struggles of some of the least prosperous Americans in pfmlures.com /pfmlures.com Watch video · John Steinbeck Biography Author (–) John Steinbeck was an American novelist whose Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The Grapes .