World Facts Europe History As for Europe, a brief chronological account of its significant events begins during prehistoric times with the emergence of Homo sapiens early manroughly 40, years ago.
He explained that between the 11th and 15th centuries not only Christianization and its cultural consequences were implemented, but well-defined social features emerged in Central Europe based on Western characteristics. The keyword of Western social development after millennium was the spread of liberties and autonomies in Western Europe.
These phenomena appeared in the middle of the 13th century in Central European countries. There were self-governments of towns, counties and parliaments.
Romania Beforethe industrialization that had developed in Western and Central Europe and the United States did not extend in any significant way to the rest of the world.
Even in Eastern Europeindustrialization lagged far behind. Russiafor example, remained largely rural and agricultural, and its autocratic rulers kept the peasants in serfdom. However, the very first concept mixed science, politics and economy — it was strictly connected with intensively growing German economy and its aspirations to dominate a part of European continent called Mitteleuropa.
The German term denoting Central Europe was so fashionable that other languages started referring to it when indicating territories from Rhine to Vistulaor even Dnieperand from the Baltic Sea to the Balkans. Partsch's book of Another time, the term Central Europe became connected to the German plans of political, economic and cultural domination.
The "bible" of the concept was Friedrich Naumann 's book Mitteleuropa  in which he called for an economic federation to be established after the war.
Naumann's idea was that the federation would have at its centre Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire but would also include all European nations outside the Anglo-French alliance, on one side, and Russia, on the other. The revival of the idea may be observed during the Hitler era.
The centre of interest was moved to its eastern part — the countries that have re appeared on the map of Europe: CzechoslovakiaHungary and Poland.
Poland, country of central pfmlures.com is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted by the forces of regional history. At the turn of the 19th century, Europe had begun to feel the impact of momentous political and intellectual movements that, among their other effects, would keep the "Polish Question" on the agenda of international issues needing resolution. Most immediately, Napoleon Bonaparte had established a new empire in France in following that country's revolution. Poland (Polish: Polska), is a country in Central Europe with a rich and eventful history, colourful heritage reflected in the variety of monuments from different periods and very varied landscape, extending from the long Baltic Sea coastline in the north to the Tatra Mountains in the south.
Central Europe ceased to be the area of German aspiration to lead or dominate and became a territory of various integration movements aiming at resolving political, economic and national problems of "new" states, being a way to face German and Soviet pressures.
The interwar period brought new elements to the concept of Central Europe.
Before World War I, it embraced mainly German states Germany, Austrianon-German territories being an area of intended German penetration and domination — German leadership position was to be the natural result of economic dominance. At that time the scientists took an interest in the idea: Mitteleuropa[ edit ] The Mitteleuropa: In this view Bohemia and Moraviawith its dual Western Slavic and Germanic heritage, combined with the historical element of the " Sudetenland ", is a core region illustrating the problems and features of the entire Central European region.
The term "Mitteleuropa" conjures up negative historical associations among some elderly people, although the Germans have not played an exclusively negative role in the region.
In fact, many people from the new states of Germany do not identify themselves as being part of Western Europe and therefore prefer the term "Mitteleuropa". The post-World War II period brought blocking of the research on Central Europe in the Eastern Bloc countries, as its every result proved the dissimilarity of Central Europe, which was inconsistent with the Stalinist doctrine.
On the other hand, the topic became popular in Western Europe and the United States, much of the research being carried out by immigrants from Central Europe. An Analysis of a Geographical Term  most Central European states were unable to preserve their political independence and became Soviet Satellite Europe.A virtual guide to Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, a country in central Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea in north.
Poland is bordered by Germany in west, the Czech Republic in south west, Slovakia in south, Ukraine in south east, Belarus in east and Lithuania and Russia in north east.
Poland, country of central pfmlures.com is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier.
Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted by the forces of regional history. Poland (Polish: Polska), is a country in Central Europe with a rich and eventful history, colourful heritage reflected in the variety of monuments from different periods and very varied landscape, extending from the long Baltic Sea coastline in the north to the Tatra Mountains in the south.
The written history of Poland began in the 10th century. At that time Poland was ruled by a dynasty called the Piasts. A Piast named Mieszko I reigned from about to In he became a Christian and his people followed.
A king named Boleslaw the Wrymouth (reigned ) decided that. Our understanding of medieval Central and Eastern Europe is being revitalized by new directions in cultural history. Careful and detailed portraits of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century life in the region shed new light on the city, the court, the school and university, the economy, and prevailing ideas, and expand our vision of the interplay between religion, politics, music and memory.
The history of Poland has its roots in the One of the last initiatives of the brief reform era was a nuclear weapons–free zone in Central Europe proposed in by Adam of the Polish People's Republic was amended to eliminate references to the "leading role" of the communist party and the country was renamed the "Republic of Poland".