Dairy Farming Business Plan. Due to the population increase and consumption of milk tremendously increasing day by day.
Dry fodder are wheat hay paddy straw kutti chokar, etc. We must have surplus area of land preferebly 2 acre for 15 cows for green fodder cultivation.
Green fodder are basically leguminous rabby crops they are gram, barseem, maize, masoor, etc. They are rich in protein and hence increase the fat percentage in the milk. It is also required for the good health of the cattle. So for ideal food for the 1 cow should be in precise proportion of dry foddergreen fodder and mineral mixture with concentrate.
Mix kutti, chokar and concentrate like khalli sarso,badam or teesi add water in it and feed them Generally sarso khalli provides heat and it should be given during winter season and Teesi khalli in summer seasons Badam khalli can be given any time as it increases fat percentage in the milk Roughly cost of feeding one cow is rs a day Adequate water supply: Breed selection of cow: As the profit is totally dependent on the milk yield of the cow.
For breed selection we must take care of the breed which is adapted to our climatic condition and their milk yielding capability. Or Jersey with sahiwal. Also cross breed of jersey and red sindhi is preferrable for the good milk yield. Generally breed selection of these cow should be done on the basis of milk yield production in general ltrs of milk yield in a day is preferrable.
Cross breeding technique with artificial insemination AI has drastically improved the quantity of milk production in the country which also increased the per capita milk yield production. Basic care and management of cows and calves: Indian breed takes approx months in reaching maturity phase whereas high yield cows HF or jersey cross breed reaches maturity at months and its ready for mating.
Ideally every 13 months cow should be calving, then only our farm production will grow. Lactation period should be of days and service period must be of days.
Rest must be gestation period i. After three four attempt of mating if cattle is not conceiving then there is a fertility issue or may be some genital problems are there so special medicine should be given. Special care for pregnant cows: As we know the prolactin hormone is responsible for milk production and oxitocyn hormone is for milk ejection or secretion.
The moment calves suck the udder oxitocyn hormone secretes which is responsible for milk ejection. In some cases when calf dies we give oxitocyn injection which should be avoided as it mix with the milk and can harm humans when they consume it.
Calves baby cow Management: We insist on giving first milk i. The macro molecule and antibody in the colostrum easily penetrates through calf intestine and provide a good immunity and immune system to fight with disease and infection.
Also the meconium that is the first stool excretes after colostrum intake. After 10 days debudding of horn should be done so that it becomes docile in nature.
On regular interval mucous from nose should remove from towel to reduce the infection. It provides better immunity and disease resistance to the cattle.
In india generally we follow the following vaccination schedule:May 07, · Farm animals fattening farming business is a totally worthwhile enterprise, and lots of people are earning money everywhere in the international by means of doing livestock farming enterprise.
Proper business plan, well management and care can ensure maximum production and profit from dairy farming business. I have described here the importance, setting up steps and some problems of dairy farming in India.
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Proper business plan, well management and care can ensure maximum production and profit from dairy farming business. I have described here the importance, .
Dec 12, · Create a business plan. Put all your financial estimates into a plan that covers the first few years of your business. In addition to the necessary items above, remember to include the estimated cost of veterinary care per animal, and the cost of any labor you plan to hire%(K).
Most importantly, dairy farmers are in the business of producing food for human con-sumption so they must be confident in the safety and quality of the milk they produce.
Good dairy farming practice underpins the production of milk that satisfies the highest Guide to good dairy farming practice.