Globalization and Citizenship No. Underpinning this expanded role in global governance has been a certain disillusionment with the role of the state in facilitating sustainable human development and the belief that more flexible, motivated and decentralized structures have the required skills and responsibility to undertake this role. In recent years, the arena of NGO action has expanded rapidly from local and national settings to the international level. The institutional transformations that are occurring in the context of globalization have seen international actors — such as United Nations agencies, regional organizations, finance and trade institutions and transnational corporations — as well as inter-governmental "summits" assume an increasingly prominent role in global governance.
Three Factors of Globalization: It is worthwhile, therefore, to look into the subject. I will attempt to do so in terms of three factors: The first subject of the three that I wish to consider is the role of the multinational corporations MNCs.
They are both a cause and a result of the globalization process. One can view the seventeenth-century Dutch and English India companies as a preview of what was to come. In fact, defining the MNC as a company with headquarters in one country and major investments in one or more other countries might just allow the India companies to fit in.
Unilever is closer to being a true predecessor. John Stopford offers a succinct explanation of the reasons why: Their growth takes the shape of a J curve. Some of them are enormously wealthy. Exxon Mobile is at the top, its worth greater than the GDP of the lowest 70 or so countries out of about One sign of the information revolution is that the next wealthiest is Apple, and climbing fast.
In fact, by FebruaryApple was number one. In addition to economic power including lobbying in its own countryExxon Mobile, as an example, exercises extraordinary political influence, especially in the Middle East.
How great the influence is, is unknown, but it is probably as great or greater than the ability of the U. Congress in setting policy. Diplomatic history usually shortchanges this topic. With sites in 53 countries, and exercising influence in all of them, funding anti-environmental groups, and paying scientists for research claiming that there is no need to be concerned about global warming; Exxon Mobile plays an outsize role in international affairs with little accountability shareholders are pushed aside.
It clearly is not only wealthier than 70 or so nation-states, but also more powerful. Moreover, it stands outside the United Nations and its efforts to bring justice and peace to the increasingly globalized world.
I suspect that there is a department in the oil company devoted to foreign affairs. If not, or in addition, resort may be had to advisory organizations such as Kissinger Associates.
In any case, one can be sure that Exxon Mobile plays a strong role in shaping foreign policy as well as pursuing ever-more petroleum resources.
Exxon Mobile is a striking example of the political power exercised by the MNCs, even over big and powerful countries. They put crucial amounts of money into political campaigns and lobbying.
John Boehner, head of the Republicans in the House of Representatives, is currently their most prominent shill man in the U. Still, we must not lose sight of the economic power of the MNCs while looking at their political might. Their impact on employment in the U.Globalization and the Role of Nongovernmental Organization and Transnational Corporations Ever since people started to migrate and encounter new people, globalization has been a fact of life.
International Nongovernmental Organizations turning my focus to INGOs, I begin with a more careful look at the source and terminology of the globalization debate. Non-Governmental Organizations and Globalization - Shaping Our Knowledge of the Developing World.
Rensselaer Professor Michael Mascarenhas Explores Nonprofit Water Development in Project on Globalization Supported by Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CONVENTIONS, TREATIES AND OTHER RESPONSES TO GLOBAL ISSUES – Vol. II - The Role of Inter- and NonGovernmental Organizations - Marni Berg ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) and NGOs may all benefit from more interaction and cooperation.
Globalization and the Role of Nongovernmental Organization and Transnational Corporations Ever since people started to migrate and encounter new people, globalization has been a fact of life. Nongovernmental Organizations, Globalization, and the Changing Nature of Sovereignty The Evolution of NGO Operations in the International Arena Vol.
II - The Role of Inter- and NonGovernmental Organizations - Marni Berg Vol. II - The Role of Inter- and NonGovernmental Organizations - Marni Berg.