Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds 5 May Indian Army patrol sent up; Five Indian soldiers captured and tortured to death.
History of Kashmir According to Kashmir Pandits, they have a history spanning over five thousand years. It was not until the fourteenth century that Muslim rule was finally established in the Valley and when this happened it did not occur primarily as a consequence of invasion so much as because of internal problems resulting from the weak rule and corruption endemic in the Hindu Lohara dynasty.
Life and property were not safe, agriculture declined, and there were periods when trade came to a standstill. Socially and morally too the court and the country had sunk to the depths of degradations.
However, Zulju was probably not a Muslim. The Sultan has been referred to as an iconoclast because of his destruction of many non-Muslim religious symbols and the manner in which he forced the population to convert or flee.
Many followers of the traditional religions who did not convert to Islam instead migrated to other parts of India. The migrants included some Pandits, although it is possible that some of this community relocated for economic reasons as much as to escape the new rulers.
Brahmins were at that time generally being offered grants of land in other areas by rulers seeking to utilise the traditionally high literacy and general education of the community, as well as the legitimacy conferred upon them by association.
The outcome of this shift both in population and in religion was that the Kashmir Valley became a predominantly Muslim region. He respected the learning of these Pandits, to whom he gave land as well as encouraging those who had left to return.
He operated a meritocracy and both Brahmins and Buddhists were among his closest advisors. The Nehrus were a westernized Pandit family whose ancestors had left Kashmir in the 18th century. Early modern Akbar conquered Kashmir in AD. During his Mughal rule the Hindus enjoyed security of person and property and were allotted high government posts.
It was he, who, pleased with their intelligence, gave them the surname Pandit. Gradually, many Kashmiris converted to Islamleaving a smaller population of Kashmiri Pandits who still practiced the Shaivite religion. Not much was done to win back the converts to Hinduism.
The majority, though still remained Hindus in Jammu and Kashmir. This cohesive community, highly literate and socially elite, were one of the first to discuss and implement social reforms.
Banmasi who had initially migrated from the valley during the rule of Muslim kings and later returned and Malmasi who stayed back in valley despite all odds.
Both categories had different customs and traditions. Later, the Pandits who started doing business were categorised as Buhirs. The difference between categories has faded due to mass migration from valley onwards.
Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus The Kashmiri Pandits had been a favoured section of the population of the valley during Dogra rule — The events of 19 January were particularly vicious.Rather like baby turtles, true gardeners are born impatient to get on with the business of life, except that they make for the earth rather than the sea.
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