Assisted Suicide The ethical and moral issues surrounding assisted suicide are presented in this paper through interviews and research.
PHL — Philosophy of Death. The Supreme Court has ruled that there is no right for physician assisted suicide in the Constitution, but individual states have the right to decide whether or not to allow it Hendin By studying the effect of permitting the procedure in these limited samples, the experts on the subject have drawn some conclusions regarding the morality and legality of physician assisted suicide.
Dieterle, a specialist on the topic, argues that even though he cannot provide any affirming arguments for legalizing physician assisted suicide, there are not enough sufficient arguments against it, so therefore it should become legalized.
Dieterle first says that using Netherlands, which has been practicing physician assisted suicide for over four decades, as a model to draw predications from is not valid, for a few reasons. He states that the Netherlands has a socialized medical system, which makes extraordinary situations involving physician suicide less likely.
The United States has a free-market health care system, thus making it unreasonable to draw predictions from results in the Netherlands; it would be like comparing apples and oranges.
Secondly, he points out that euthanasia was legalized at the same time physician assisted suicide was legalized in the Netherlands.
This fact may lead to more extreme situations than when only physician assisted suicide is allowed. The basic requirements to become eligible for physician assisted suicide in Oregon are that the patient much be at least 18 years old, capable of making and communicating health care decision, and have been diagnosed with a terminal illness that gives them less than six months to live Dieterle There are a few nuances in the law and process, but those are the general requirements.
One of the arguments that naysayers of physician assisted suicide provide is the thought that nonvoluntary and involuntary euthanasia will undoubtedly arise from a result of legalization of the procedure Dieterle They say that the next step from allowing the patient to make a decision about their own life is that someone else will gain the power to make that decision.
Dieterle argues that there have been no signs of anything like this happening in Oregon. There are specific rules in place to prevent euthanasia from occurring. The patient must make two oral and one written request for physician assisted suicide, and the doctors take other precautions to make sure the patient is thinking with a clear head.
In over ten years, there have yet to be any problems of this sort in Oregon. Opponents of physician assisted suicide also argue that the law will likely be abused if it is legalized Dieterle One specific breach of law discussed is that patients might be pressured by family members or insurance companies to undergo the procedure.
Family members and insurance companies may rather not pay the expenses to take care of a terminally ill person and would rather they die. Inspecting studies in Oregon, Dieterle says that there are precautions in place to make sure this does not happen.
Additionally, almost all patients cited their poor quality of life as one of the primary reasons for undergoing physician assisted suicide Dieterle Thus, it does not appear that any of the patients in Oregon sought death solely because of pressure from others.
Another argument made against the legalization of physician assisted suicide is that it will lessen the value of life, thus making it in a way less harsh to kill someone, so homicides will rise Dieterle Dieterle says that if this were true, then it would be expected to see a rise in homicide rates in Oregon since the passing of the Death with Dignity Act.
However, the opposite if found; homicide rates have decreased. Of course, it is difficult to draw a direct correlation between the two instances. It is pointed out that homicide rates have not dropped as much in states surrounding Oregon, and that homicide rates in the Netherlands are very low compared to most countries Dieterle These facts seem to dismiss the argument.
However, as Dieterle points out, evidence from cases in Oregon and the Netherlands seems to dismiss this as a possibility. Studies in the Netherlands show improvement in terminal care.
Thus, the argument that doctors will put less effort into aiding the terminally ill appears to be invalid. Again, studies show that the actual number of terminally ill patients that request lethal medications is almost negligible.
In Oregon between andonly terminally ill patients elected for physician assisted suicide while 64, other patients suffered from the same diseases and chose not to undergo the procedure.
Dieterle then dismisses the argument that improvement in palliative and terminal care will cease is physician suicide is legalized Dieterle This seems to suggest that because there still is a need for palliative care, it will improve.
Palliative care in the Netherlands is said to have been continually improving, and they have allowed physician assisted suicide for several decades.
These facts refute the argument quite handily.Physician Assisted Suicide and Morality Essay a physician. However, when I imagine this future, I think of the possibility of surgeries, consultations, and diagnoses but I never considered a huge moral challenge experienced by those in the health care industry – physician assisted suicide (PAS).
The Morality of Euthanasia Essay Words 6 Pages The Morality of Euthanasia Technology has brought about drastic changes in the morality of today’s society.
Morality and Euthanasia Two hundred years ago, to question the absolute worth of human life was an unforgivable offense. Individuals, who attempted to suicide, were often punished in . Morality centrally concerns how our choices bear on the intrinsic goods of human persons—such goods as life and health, knowledge, friendship, and others.
Lead Essay. Physician Assisted Death in America: Ethics, Say No to Physician Assisted Suicide by Patrick Lee.
Patient Assisted Suicide Essay - Adherence One of the greatest dangers facing chronic and terminally ill patients is the grey area regarding PAS. In the Netherlands, there are strict criteria for the practice of PAS.
Despite such stringencies, the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs () found 28% of the PAS cases in the Netherlands did. Excerpt from Essay: Assisted Suicide Topic: Ethics / Morality ; Paper #: ; Euthanasia remains one of the most contentious issues in bioethics, with implications for healthcare practice, law, and public policy.
Even when religious arguments are excluded from the debate, it is difficult to determine how healthcare workers and.