Scholarship Strengths and weaknesses Later you may decide to omit some of these points. Their order may be changed, with more important or striking matters appearing first.
Summaries are written for many reasons: Notetaking listening to a lecture and discerning the important parts, or reading research and paraphrasing the important partsUnderstanding a reading passage rewriting the main ideas to better understand themand Identifying writing a nonfiction summary main points turning an outline into a paragraph or two, or gathering information to use for later studying.
Students encounter two problems over and over when writing summaries: How long should a summary be? How much detail should be included in a summary? First, read the whole reading selection so you know what it is about and so you can judge what is important and what is not.
If a reading selection has eight paragraphs, then for middle grade students its summary should have about eight sentences. Summaries are concise versions of the original, with major ideas included and most supporting details eliminated.
However, if the first paragraph or paragraphs are there only to hook the reader, then their ideas should not be included in the summary.
If a paragraph is a single sentence, perhaps it can be combined with another sentence in the summary. Or perhaps it is not important. If a paragraph is more than five sentences, or if it contains a series of important ideas, then more than one sentence should be written to summarize it.
At the beginning, even before the topic sentence, the student should name the piece of writing being summarized and its author, and any particular ideas that would be helpful to the reader.
The student writer should let the reader know that he is reading a summary. Sometimes this information can be included with the topic sentence. Even though a summary is not an essay, a topic sentence is essential to help the reader to understand the summary. A conclusion is sometimes not necessary if it would summarize the summary.
A good summary should be complete; that is, it should include all the important information in the original. If an author spends five paragraphs on subtopic A but only one paragraph on subtopic B, then the summary should include more information about subtopic A about five times more than subtopic B.
If the original text shows a point of view on a topic, that point of view should be replicated in the summary letting the reader know that the point of view is that of the original author.
If the original text is factual and objective, so should be the summary. The student writing the summary should not include his own perspective on the topic. When I am teaching summaries to a student, I ask the student to write the main idea of each paragraph being read in the margin next to that paragraph or on a post-it note pasted next to the paragraph.
If the reading selection contains chapters, then I ask the student to write the main ideas of the chapter at the beginning of that chapter. Why did the author include each of those ideas in his passage? From that musing by the student often comes the topic sentence of the summary.
That sentence is the most important one, from which all the others flow.
Information in a summary should be paraphrased. Occasionally, quotation marks can show the original words of the author being summarized, but direct quotes should be the exception, not the rule.
Summaries are usually written in the present tense.Mar 08, · Here is a picture of the nonfiction text features I cover. When I'm sure the kids are all settled in and feel comfortable with the text features I move into nonfiction summaries.
We covered fiction summarization in the beginning of the year and I knew that nonfiction was going to look a lot different and be much more challenging for them.
Nonfiction Summaries This was a great springboard activity for us, and I'm excited (as excited as one can be about teaching nonfiction summary writing) to dive into our unit. Little do the students know that these same questions will be part of their summative assessment, too!
Aug 29, · Learn about a mysterious sea creature as you pick out important information for a nonfiction summary.
In this guided exercise, develop key skills that help build reading comprehension.5/5(1). Using key words, main idea, and text features found within a non-fiction text, the teacher uses an interactive white board to model for students how to write a nonfiction text summary in their own word.
Using key words, main idea, and text features found within a non-fiction text, the teacher uses an interactive white board to model for students how to write a nonfiction text summary in their own word.
This presentation walks students through the process of writing a summary of nonfiction expository text. Students learn the steps to writing a good summary, practice paraphrasing, and identify trivial details to exclude from a summary.4/5(70).